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انواع مقاله در رایتینگ آیلتس

انواع مقاله در رایتینگ آیلتس

Different kinds of essays in IELTS writing

اینکه چه طور مقاله تسک 2  رایتینگ آیلتس را سازماندهی کنید در نمره رایتینگ شما تاثیر به سزایی دارد از  این  روبه  شما  قویا  توصیه  می شود  که  با  انواع  مقالات  آیلتس  و  ساختار های آنها  به  خوبی  آشنا  شوید.  این  کار  زمان  شما  را  هم  در  نوشتن  مقاله  کاهش  می دهد. اکثر مقالات تسک 2  آیلتس از ساختار پایهای زیر پیروی میکنند.

INTRODUCTION

MAIN PARAGRAPH 1

MAIN PARAGRAPH 2

MAIN PARAGRAPH 3

CONCLUSION

اینکه چه جملاتی در پاراگرافهای فوق بگذارید بستگی به نوع مقاله دارد.

در رایتینگ آیلتس عمدتا 5 نوع مقاله رایج ذیل وجود دارند که  یکی از آنها مورد سوال قرار میگیرد.

آموزش آیلتس هیراد

  1. Opinion (Agree or Disagree)
  2. Advantages and Disadvantages
  3. Problem and Solution
  4. Discussion (Discuss both views)
  5. Two-part Question

توضیح ساختار کلی هر کدام از مقاله های بالا

1)-Opinion Questions (Agree or Disagree) 

Typical Question Words

What is your opinion?

Do you agree or disagree?

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Example QuestionType

Some people believe that unpaid community service should be a compulsory part of high school programmes (for example working for a charity, improving the neighborhood or teaching sports to younger children).

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

ساختار کلی این نوع مقاله

Introduction 

Sentence 1- Paraphrase Question

Sentence 2- Thesis Statement (It is agreed…/It is disagreed…/This essay agrees/disagrees…)

Sentence 3- Outline Sentence (This essay will discuss….)

Main Body Paragraph 1 

Sentence 1- Topic Sentence

Sentence 2- Explain Topic Sentence

Sentence 3- Example

Main Body Paragraph 2

Sentence 1- Topic Sentence

Sentence 2- Explain Topic Sentence

Sentence 3- Example

Conclusion 

Sentence 1- Summary and opinion

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

2)-Advantages and Disadvantages Questions

 

Typical Question Words 

Discuss the advantages and disadvantages.

Discuss the advantages and disadvantages and give your own opinion.

Sample Question

Computers are being used more and more in education.

Discuss the advantages and disadvantages and give your own opinion.

ساختار کلی این نوع مقاله

Introduction 

Sentence 1- Paraphrase Question

Sentence 2- Outline Sentence

Main Body Paragraph 1

Sentence 1- State One Advantage

Sentence 2- Expand/Explain Advantage

Sentence 3- Example

Sentence 4- Result

Main Body Paragraph 2

Sentence 1- State One Disadvantage

Sentence 2- Expand/Explain Disadvantage

Sentence 3- Example

Sentence 4- Result

Conclusion 

Sentence 1- Summary

Sentence 2- Opinion

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

3)-Discuss Both Views Question (Discussion Essay)

 

Typical Question Words 

Discuss both points of view and give your opinion.

Sample Question 

Computers are being used more and more in education. Some people say that this is a positive trend, while others argue that it is leading to negative consequences.

Discuss both sides of this argument and then give your own opinion.

ساختار کلی این نوع مقاله

Introduction 

Sentence 1- Paraphrase Question and/or state both viewpoints.

Sentence 2- Thesis Statement

Sentence 3- Outline Sentence

Main Body Paragraph 1

Sentence 1- State first viewpoint

Sentence 2- Discuss first viewpoint

Sentence 3- Reason why you agree or disagree with viewpoint

Sentence 4- Example to support your view

Main Body Paragraph 2

Sentence 1- State second viewpoint

Sentence 2- Discuss second viewpoint

Sentence 3- Reason why you agree or disagree with viewpoint

Sentence 4- Example to support your view

Conclusion 

Sentence 1- Summary

Sentence 2- State which one is better or more important

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

 

4)-Problem and Solution Questions

Typical Question Words 

Problem and solution.

Cause and solution.

Sample Question 

Students are becoming more and more reliant on computers.

What are some of the problems associated with reliance on computers, and what are some of the possible solutions?

ساختار کلی این نوع مقاله

Introduction 

Sentence 1- Paraphrase Question

Sentence 2- Outline Sentence

Main Body Paragraph 1

Sentence 1- State Problem

Sentence 2- Explain problem

Sentence 3- Result

Sentence 4- Example

Main Body Paragraph 2

Sentence 1- State Solution

Sentence 2- Explain Solution

Sentence 3- Example

Conclusion 

Sentence 1- Summary

Sentence 2- Recommendation or Prediction

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

5)-Two-Part Questions

Typical Question Words 

There will normally be a statement and they will then ask you to answer to separate questions.

Sample Question

As most people spend a major part of their adult life at work, job satisfaction is an important element of individual wellbeing.

What factors contribute to job satisfaction?

How realistic is the expectation of job satisfaction for all workers?

ساختار کلی این نوع مقاله

Introduction 

Sentence 1- Paraphrase Question

Sentence 2- Outline Sentence (mention both questions)

Main Body Paragraph 1

Sentence 1- Answer first question directly

Sentence 2- Explain why

Sentence 3- Further explain

Sentence 4- Example

Main Body Paragraph 2

Sentence 1- Answer second question directly

Sentence 2- Explain why

Sentence 3- Further explain

Sentence 4- Example

Conclusion 

Sentence 1- Summary

لازم به ذکر است ک ساختارهای کلی 5 نوع مقاله های آیلتس عمدتا به فرم بالا هستند ولی بعضی اوقات با توجه به صورت مقاله که کمی خاص تر است ممکن است کمی تغییر کنند.  

شایان ذکر است در کلاسهای آیلتس تخصصی هیراد توضیحات تکمیلی خیلی بیشتری ارائه می شوند و برای ساختارهای فوق مثال های کافی ارائه می شوند و مقالات شما به دقت تصحیح می شوند و با ساختارهای فوق مقایسه می شوند. تا بتوانید بهترین رایتینگ خود را در امتحان اصلی آیلتس ارائه دهید.