نمونه های گراف، چارت، جدول، توصیف عکس و پراسس در آیلتس آکادمیک
Line graphs, bar charts, pie charts, table, picture description and process samples in IELTS
The pie chart illustrates the national expenditure of the United Arab Emirates in 2000. Generally speaking, the UAE government spent over 300 billion United Arab Emirates Dirham (AED) on different sectors in this year and the highest proportion of this expenditure went on ensuring the social security of citizens.
To maintain the social soundness, the UAE government spent 100 billion AED, the highest, whilst, the transportation system received only 9 billion, the lowest budget allocation in this year. Besides, healthcare and personal social services demanded over 50 billion AED which was even higher than the cumulative budget allocation for the education and defense sectors in the UAE in 2000.
The industrial, agricultural and employment sector received 13 billion AED which was 4 billion fewer than the national budget for the law and order sector. Moreover, the government contributed 23 billion in debt interest and 15 billion for the housing, heritage and environment sectors. All other expenditure summed up at 23 billion and it is obvious that the government paid overhead to ensure social security compared to other aspects of the country.
The bar graph compares the population growth in five large cities between 1970 and 2010 while the table lists down the five most populous cities in the world both in 1950 and 2010. In addition, the line graph analyses the global population in rural and urban areas.
Overall, Tokyo had the largest population in 2010 but the population growth in Bombay and Jakarta outranked other cities. Finally, more people started to live in cities after 2005 despite a different scenario in earlier years.
As the data suggests, Tokyo had over 15 million residents in 1970 which was three and five times higher than that of Bombay and Jakarta respectively. New York and Shanghai had approximately 14 and 12 million inhabitants in this year. After two decades, New York witnessed a meager population growth while it was dramatic both in Jakarta and Bombay. It is evident that population growth in Jakarta and Bombay exceeded all other cities.
In 1950, New York, London, Tokyo, Paris and Moskow were the top five populous cities in the world. In 2010 Bombay, Lagos, Shanghai and Jakarta ranked in the list by eliminating all other cites except Tokyo which stood first on the chart with over 27 million citizens.
Finally, the global urban population in 1980 was below 2 billion while 3 billion lived in villages. The population in cities grew steadily and went over 4 billion in 2010 at which point 3 billion global population resided in rural areas.
The line graph compares the number of travellers who visited Malaysia and Dubai from 1995 to 2003. Overall, more tourists went to visit Malaysia from 1995 to 2000, but afterwards, Dubai got more visitors.
Getting back to the details, 100 thousand tourists visited Malaysia in 1995 and it was more than double than the number of tourists in Dubai at the same time. Next year, visitors to Malaysia increases while declined in Dubai. Afterwards, the number of tourists in Malaysia and Dubai rapidly increased and in 1998, 200 thousand people went to Malaysia compared to over 150 thousand in Dubai. Interestingly, holidaymakers’ number to both these places became identical and reached to over a quarter million in 2000. Next year, both countries witnessed a hike in their tourists’ number which stood at around 325 thousand. A reverse trend during the next few years followed with more tourists in Dubai than in Malaysia. In 2002 Dubai got more trippers and this trend continued in the next year when 0.4 million vacationers visited Dubai compared to less than 0.25 million in Malaysia.
The given flow chart illustrates different steps that a high school graduate has to go through to be admitted to a university. Overall, the process begins with the application submission and ends with the completion of the university entry.
According to the illustration, to be able to apply for the university admission, someone has to complete the high school diploma. The initial step involves getting the application form online and then submitting it to the admin. The admin categories applications in two main groups – rejected and accepted. Those who have been rejected are either permanently refused or given an opportunity to reapply for a different subject. To apply for an alternative course, a contestant has to go through the whole process again. The accepted pupils are also classified in two categories – directly accepted and provisionally accepted. Those who are provisionally accepted need to submit further documents and this process usually takes two weeks. On the contrary, who are fully accepted for the admission, select their preferred subjects and register with the dean of the faculty. After the completion of these steps, a student is considered eligible to enter the university and these final steps also require 2 weeks.
The table compares the percentages of market share by different laptop brands in three different years – 2006, 2007 and 2014. A glance at the graph reveals that HP was the leading notebook manufacturer in these years.
As can be seen in the table, HP had the largest market share of laptops in 2006 and it retained the top position in 2007 and 2014 as well with around one-third of the total market. Dell secured the second position with 16.6% market share in 2006 and enjoyed a 10% increase in 2014. Samsung had only 11.6% share of laptop market in 2006 but this brand managed to capture over 14% global market share in 8 years. All the top three brands of laptop manufacturing had been able to increase their market share except Samsung in 2007. Toshiba and Lenovo had around 6 percent notebook market share in 2006 and in 8 years their market share increased slightly. The lowest market share was possessed by Fujitsu in 2006 and after 8 years its market share slightly declined and reached to 3.1%. All other brands captured a significant market share in 2006 (22.8%) but only 7.11% in 2014.
The diagram depicts the life cycle of salmon fish dividing it into different stages, from its egg stage till adulthood. Overall, a salmon fish goes through six main phases to fully grow from their hatching period and they spend their lives in three distinct locations – river, estuary and ocean.
Adult salmon fishes lay eggs in rivers and incubate their eggs there. Thus the life cycle of a salmon fish springs from the incubation stage in a river. After emerging from eggs, the infant salmon spend their next stage in freshwater and this phase is called emergence. Then, they stay in freshwater to grow further.
After a few days, these fishes swim to river estuaries where their rearing continues. At this stage, their size becomes a bit larger. Afterwards, the maturing fishes migrate to the ocean and become adults. Finally, grownup salmons move to the river for spawning and lay eggs. Thus, the life cycle of the next generation starts over.